eScience is carried out using various resources like computational servers, data and sensors. Crypto currency based tokens can be used to implement economy based resource allocation schemes. Sharing and exchange of distributed resource usages from various organizations can be facilitated by using crypto currency tokens and smart contracts, hence, leading to realization of sharing economy in the eScience research community.
Distributed Autonomous Organizations ( DAOs ) for Virtual Research Environments can be developed that run continuously on the blockchain even after the research projects are completed, hence, making it possible to have longer lasting, more sustainable organizations for Virtual Research Environments. Scalability can also be achieved both in terms of having more researchers in each organization and also in terms of being able to establish higher numbers of organizations.
Open (free) standardized and/or template smart contracts for various virtual organizations and various entities such as software, sensors, servers, data, internet of things can be developed. Tools for establishing / proving correctness of smart contracts can be developed. Also, smart contract programming languages especially for eScience can be developed.
Blockchain provides an excellent medium for recording certifications of e-skills acquired by individuals. For example, certifications of courses, trainings and programs completed can be recorded and notarized on the blockchain. Data on the blockchain can be analyzed/mined to get a global picture of workforce availability for various e-skills at any moment of time. Search engines can be built on top of the blockchain data to locate individuals with required skills.